Physiotherapy - Lower Limb Conditions

Common Lower Limb Conditions seen and treated by Physiotherapists:

Achilles Tendonitis

As with any form of tendonitis, the inflammation is usually brought on by overuse of the tendon in question. In the case of Achilles tendonitis, the repetition of such activities as jumping can cause the tendon to be pulled slightly out of place, which causes pain and inflammation. The Achilles tendon can not only become inflamed, but in severe injuries can partially or fully tear, which can be extremely painful..

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is a portion of tissue that runs from the underside of the heel to the bones in the middle of the foot. The plantar fascia acts as a cushion when pressure is applied to the heel and supports the arch of the foot during movement.

Groin Pain and Strain

Groin pain is commonly the result of a strain or pull. Groin strain is caused by the adductor muscles in the inner thigh being over-stretched or pulled.

Hip Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition which commonly affects older people; it limits the range of movement and decreases the looseness of the joints. The most commonly affected joints include the hips, shoulders and knees; the movement of the hands and toes may also be limited by the onset of osteoarthritis.

Knee Pain

The knee is under constant pressure when the body is moving so it can be susceptible to damage and strain. The most common causes of knee pain include ligament or cartilage damage, strains, tears, friction, swelling, arthritis and infections conditions.

Shin Splints

The terms ‘shin splints’ refers to the pain experienced in the muscles close to the shin bones, which run down the front of the lower leg, from knee to ankle. The pain itself is caused by inflammation and micro-fractures (tiny fractures) in the surface of the shin bone.

Muscle Pain

Muscle pain can be caused by any strain, injury or tear. The most common are the high speed and load muscles such as your hamstrings, thigh (quadriceps), calf and back.

ITB Syndrome

The iliotibial band is a band of muscle, which runs from the hip right down to the tibia; it serves to support the knee joint during movement. Commonly, pain is caused when the band is swollen; this is often known as iliotibial band syndrome.


Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve.


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